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What’s New - July 2000

Legislative and Other News in the DUI Prevention Community

July 2000 Update

  1. Parents sue restaurant where driver was drinking before the accident that killed their son
  2. Japan Corking Beer Vending Machines to Teen Drinking
  3. New Hampshire Legislature tries to stiffen penalties for drunken, reckless driving
  4. Liquor violations up on US Campuses
  5. Officials Say Cell Phones and Safe Driving Don't Mix
  6. Jail border drunks: Canadians Get Tough with Impaired Drivers at Border Crossings
  7. New Florida Law allows Jail for Drunk Drivers
  8. MADD milestone bittersweet: 20th anniversary marks progress rooted in grief
  9. Wisconsin Teachers Picked Up for Attending Party
  10. U. of Md. Probes Teams on Alcohol

Parents sue restaurant where driver was drinking before the accident that killed their son  

AUBURN, Maine (AP) - The parents of a 16-year-old boy killed by a drunken driver are suing the motorist and the Auburn restaurant where they believe she was drinking before the crash. 

Suzanne and Robert Barton said they will donate any money from the lawsuit to a scholarship named for their son, Ethan, who was struck two years ago while riding his bicycle to Range Pond State Park in Poland. 

The driver, Gale Chapman, fled the scene and later claimed she thought she had hit a deer. She had a blood alcohol level of nearly three times the legal limit. She was sentenced in September to a year and a half behind bars after pleading guilty to misdemeanor charges of driving while intoxicated and leaving the scene of an accident. 

Prosecutors dropped the more serious manslaughter charge as part of the plea agreement because they were afraid it might not hold up in court. 

The Bartons said they were able to name The Village Inn Restaurant & Lounge in the lawsuit because their attorney, Benjamin Troy, has gathered evidence showing Chapman was drinking there on the day of the accident. 

"The suit is our attempt to do all we can to make sure justice is served," Robert Barton said. "It's the only way we can get the whole story." Chapman refused to cooperate when their attorney questioned her in prison, Suzanne Barton said. 

"She said she wouldn't answer any of his questions until we filed a lawsuit," she said. "So we filed the suit. Now, she'll have to answer the question under oath." "It is a very popular restaurant, it makes me angry that they got away with letting Chapman get that drunk, then drive away," she said. 

Chapman's attorney is on vacation this week and could not be reached for comment. Barri Bloom, the attorney for the restaurant, said her clients didn't know until they received the lawsuit last month that Chapman may have been drinking there. 

"How is a busy restaurant supposed to remember who they served on any particular day?" Bloom said. "Think of all the people that may have been in and out of there." 

Chapman will have to serve 200 hours of public service speaking to high school students about the dangers of driving drunk when she is released from prison.

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Japan Corking Beer Vending Machines to Teen Drinking

By Joseph Coleman 
Associated Press 

June 02, 2000 

TOKYO It was a busy day Thursday at liquor stores across Japan, where workers were dismantling a national institution: the beer vending machine. Fears of rampant alcoholism and underage drinking have forced the country's liquor stores to adopt a voluntary ban on using the machines. Shops complying with the plan pulled the plug late Wednesday. 

The move dealt a near death blow to alcohol vending machines, which for decades have symbolized the Japanese penchant for automated convenience--and a taste for booze. 

"Today I'm taking all the beer out and putting in the juice," said Masayuki Murata as he stood beside an emptied machine in front of his family's Surugaya Liquor Store in central Tokyo. 

The 130,000-member All Japan Liquor Merchants Association estimated that up to 70 percent of the nation's 170,000 alcohol vending machines were shut down. Allowances were made for stores that depend heavily on the machines, which typically operate until 11 p.m.--providing a quick and easy drink for people who get off work after liquor stores close. 

Of course, the vending machine itself is still going strong, glowing on nighttime streets as beacons of convenience, selling everything from soda and juice to CDs and videos. 

The ban on beer vending machines was aimed at cutting down on underage drinking. 

Government statistics are spotty, but a government survey in 1996 found more than half of male high school seniors drank alcohol at least once or twice a month. 

Such students are typically 17 or 18. The legal drinking age is 20. "It's a problem that children can buy something at a vending machine that they can't buy face-to-face in a store," said Iwane Matsui, chairman of the National Congress of PTA Associations of Japan. 

Drinking in general is a growing concern in Japan. 

Alcohol consumption is surging, especially among women, and inebriated office workers are a common sight on nighttime streets and in subways. 

The vending machine ban, however, was not expected to make much of a dent on underage drinking. Convenience stores have been moving into the beer-selling business in recent years and have been criticized for selling alcohol without checking customers' IDs. 

The liquor store association is pushing to get a law that would crack down on stores that sell to underage drinkers and tighten restrictions on liquor licenses. 

"We have to take a good look at how we sell liquor in Japan," said Mamoru Tanaka, spokesman for the association. 

The vending machine ban could hit some liquor stores where it hurts: the cash register. 

Hachigo Murata, the owner of the tiny Surugaya Liquor Store, said he was making about 10 percent of his sales on the cluster of machines next to his shop. 

To make up for the shortfall, he plans to stay open an hour later each night, until 10 p.m. 

"I don't know how customers are going to react," he said.

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New Hampshire Legislature tries to stiffen penalties for drunken, reckless driving

Thursday, June 1, 2000 

The Associated Press 

CONCORD, N.H. - The Legislature has approved a range of bills to stiffen penalties for drunken and reckless driving, especially when it leads to serious injury or death. 

One bill would revoke a driver's license for seven years to life if he or she caused a fatal accident while drunk. 

Another would give judges power to make convicted drunken drivers pass breath tests every time they start their cars. Judges could order the convicts to install Breathalyzers in their cars. If they did not pass the breath test, the cars would not start. 

Forty other states use similar devices. 

The bill allows judges to order the device to be installed for a minimum of six months and maximum of two years. 

However, if the driver causes a fatal accident and alcohol is involved, the driver may be required to install an interlock device for up to five years to get his license reinstated. 

The driver would pay the $900 annual cost of the device. 
The bill also increases the maximum fine for reckless driving from $500 to $1,000. 

Under a third measure aproved Wednesday, drivers who violate traffic laws and kill or cause serious injury to someone could spend a year in jail. The bill creates a new crime of vehicular assault and is intended to fill a gap between a simple violation of traffic rules and negligent homicide. 

The bill also would tighten public access to driver records. 

Another plan would make it a felony for a habitual offender to drive while prohibited from driving by the court. Some habitual offenders also would serve part of their sentences in home confinement after serving minimal time in jail. The bills must be signed by Gov. Jeanne Shaheen.

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Liquor violations up on US Campuses

June 4, 2000 


Crime on college campuses continues to rise sharply, led by alcohol-related arrests. 

Alcohol incidents rose 24 percent in 1998, the largest jump in seven years. Reports to the federal government were analyzed by the Chronicle of Higher Education. 

"Alcohol abuse is the No. 1 problem on every college campus in this country, and I don't care how big they are or how small they are," said Capt. Dale Burke of the University of Wisconsin police. 

But students on DePaul University's Lincoln Park campus shrugged off the issue of binge drinking, explaining that drinking has always had a place on campuses. "I'm sure everyone drinks," said Melinda Palacio, 21, a Chicago senior. "But I think it's less here, because the Greek system is small." 

And "it seems like everyone looks out for each other," added Andrea Lopez, 23, a senior from Chicago. 

Kelli Lydon, a DePaul freshman from Madrid, Iowa, said heavy drinking is common. She works as a night desk assistant at one of the dormitories near the fraternity houses, so "I see a lot of binge drinking that goes on. And a lot of fights that are alcohol-related." She said she defines binge drinking as drinking to get drunk. 

Experts said the national study supports their belief that alcohol and drug use are rising on campus. But part of the increase could be caused by better reporting and tougher enforcement. 

Among Illinois colleges, a rising number of liquor-law violations and referrals for disciplinary action were reported by Loyola University in Chicago, Northwestern University in Evanston, Northern Illinois University in DeKalb, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Bradley University in Peoria, Eastern Illinois University in Charleston, Illinois State University in Normal and Western Illinois University in Macomb. 

The only Illinois colleges with decreases in alcohol violations were branches of Southern Illinois University in Carbondale and Edwardsville. Alcohol trends at other Illinois colleges are hidden because reports there are handled by agencies other than the campus police. 

Nationally, increases were found in arrests for drugs, sex offenses, weapons violations, assault, arson and hate crimes. 

Decreases came in robbery, burglary and motor vehicle theft from 1997 to 1998, the latest year for which figures were available. 

Twenty murders and one manslaughter case were reported on college campuses in 1998, compared with 18 murders and two manslaughter cases in 1997. Only colleges with more than 5,000 students were included. 

According to the survey, Wisconsin's Madison campus led the 481 institutions surveyed, with 792 liquor law violations in 1998. 

Doug Tuttle, a policy scientist and past public safety director at the University of Delaware, warned against reading too much into the statistics. He noted that while the numbers are required to be published in some form under federal law, the Department of Education will not begin uniform reporting until this fall. Liquor law arrests, for example, are supposed to include citations. But in the past, some universities reported only instances where a person was taken into custody, Tuttle said. Now that more schools understand the definition, the number of reported arrests may rise, he said. 

Tuttle also pointed to increased enforcement as a possible explanation for the jump. 

"I think more institutions are seeing the courts as a way of dealing with these problems," he said. 

Whether there is too much drinking on campus is a matter of perspective. For the most part, DePaul students interviewed Saturday said drinking usually happens at off-campus house parties and neighborhood bars. The surrounding taverns and pubs are frequented by both underclassmen and seniors, outside the supervision of campus security and resident advisers. 

DePaul, however, is one of the colleges that appears on the federal statistics to have no alcohol problem at all because the cases are not handled by the campus cops. 

On-campus binge drinking, resident advisers say, is more prevalent among freshmen and sophomores, for whom drinking may be more of a novelty. All DePaul freshmen are required to attend workshops at the beginning of the year to explain the university's policy on alcohol, drugs and sexual assaults. And resident advisers who patrol the dormitories are required by the university to report any alcohol-related incidents among underage students. Cathy Brennan, a DePaul resident adviser and senior, says she reports about 20 to 30 cases of underage drinking a year. 

Underage students who are caught drinking may be put on probation and could lose their housing privileges if they get caught repeatedly. Brennan and Palacio, also a resident adviser, say some students get so drunk they have to go to the hospital to have their stomachs pumped. But such cases happen rarely. 

A survey released this year by the Harvard School of Public Health found 22.7 percent of the college student population reported frequent binge drinking in 1999, up from 19.8 percent in 1993 and 20.9 percent in 1997. The survey included 14,000 students at 119 colleges around the country. 

The survey defined a frequent binge drinker as a man who drank at least five drinks in a row, or a woman who drank four, at least three or more times in the two weeks before the survey. 

Henry Wechsler, a social psychologist and Harvard researcher who led the study, said that until the past decade, alcohol abuse was the "little secret" of colleges. 

"Colleges do have traditions where drinking is part of their culture, and that needs to be changed," Wechsler said. 

Many arrests come after football games or special events such as concerts. Nationwide at colleges, liquor law violations rose from 18,708 in 1997 to 23,261 in 1998. 

Other categories of crime that saw a significant increase included drug offenses, which rose 11 percent from 7,964 to 8,844; forcible sex offenses, which increased 11.3 percent from 1,114 to 1,240; and nonforcible sex offenses, which increased 27.2 percent from 125 to 159. 

Because so many common campus crimes are associated with alcohol, colleges are beefing up alcohol and drug awareness programs, said Nancy Schulter, coordinator of drug education services at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va. 

"They look into their own backyard and say, `How am I vulnerable?' " Schulte said. 

Alcohol abuse especially may go with sexual assault, which often is underreported. 

Most sexual assaults seem to happen to freshmen who "don't know where to go and who don't know who to talk to," said Brennan, a resident adviser at DePaul. "I know among my friends who have been sexually assaulted, it happened in their first year." 

But universities have made it easier for victims to report assaults, setting up student counseling services that are available around the clock. Last year, a rape underneath the train tracks near DePaul shook up the university, and students more frequently use security escort services. 

Sandy Lopez, 23, a DePaul senior, said she never travels at night without a friend or the escort service, even when she is going from a dormitory to the library, both on campus. 

When night falls, Lopez said Belden Avenue, which borders the DePaul campus, "gets dark and lonely at night. Not many students walk on the street."

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Officials Say Cell Phones and Safe Driving Don't Mix

The Associated Press

OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla. - What's the difference between driving drunk and driving while talking on a cell phone? Not much, say some transportation officials.

"If you're out there driving and you see somebody who looks like they're driving drunk, chances are, once you get up by that person, you'll notice they're on their cell phone," said Chuck Mai, AAA Oklahoma's managing director of public and government relations. "Their mind is not on their driving."

Driving while using a cell phone is not generally treated as a dangerous activity by government officials. Only four states (Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Minnesota and Tennessee) even keep statistics on whether a cell phone was in use during a vehicle crash, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. 

There were 148 accidents in 1997 involving Oklahoma drivers who said they were on cell phones, and up from 98 in 1998, according to the Oklahoma Highway Safety Office. Those accidents account for a small portion of the 80,000 accidents reported in Oklahoma in a typical year, but police said the phones likely play a part in many more wrecks than are reported.

Edmond police Sgt. Matt Griffin wonders how many people would answer this question truthfully: "Were you talking on your cell phone when you rear-ended the car in front of you?"

And with the use of wireless phones increasing exponentially, concern among law enforcement officials also is growing.

Using cell phones while driving has even been banned in some states and countries. Matt Sundeen, a policy specialist with the National Conference of State Legislatures, said 13 countries have enacted some form of ban on driving while cell-phoning. He said 24 states are considering bills related to cell phones this year. 

Part of the reason cell phone use while driving isn't more widely regulated is because officials cannot prove it is any more distracting than other hazards. 

"I saw a lot of people driving down the road reading newspapers, taking curlers out of their hair, putting mascara on, shaving with electric shavers," West said of the decade he worked the highways in Oklahoma City.

The Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association cites a 1995 survey of Hawaii law enforcement officials that found "cellular telephones were seen as less hazardous than common nontechnologically related distractions such as noisy children, unrestrained pets and smoking while at the wheel."

The industry also touts the life-saving value of cell phones. Nearly 98,000 calls a day are made to 911 or other emergency numbers from wireless phones.

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Jail border drunks: Canadians Get Tough with Impaired Drivers at Border Crossings


It should be the drunk tank for hammered drivers crossing our border, says Alberta's main anti-drunk-driving lobby group. 

Eloise Leckie, president of People Against Impaired Driving, said yesterday the group would back customs officers' bid to arrest and pen drunk drivers as they cross the border. 

"If customs have the right to stop someone with drugs or a weapon then why not someone who's an impaired driver? What the hell's the difference? It all endangers the community," Leckie said. 

Two years ago Ottawa approved Bill C-18, giving customs officers broader arrest powers, but will implement it in less than a quarter of Canada's 147 ports of entry and only one Alberta border crossing. 

"What will happen is people will know which crossing to take if they want to drive into Canada drunk," Gerry Filek, Custom Excise Union spokesman, said, adding that in Alberta it's mostly Americans driving into Canada that were the problem. In Ontario the problem was mostly Canadians returning drunk from the States. 

Colette Gentes-Hawn, spokesman for Canada Customs and Revenue Minister Martin Cauchon, said there wasn't enough money to train all of Canada's 3,000 customs officers to arrest and detain people. 

"It's a lot of money for additional training and proper facilities at the border crossing. It's a money issue," Gentes-Hawn said. 

Ottawa will sink $19 million into implementation of Bill C-18 over the next three years. 

"The 32 ports that will have trained customs officers over the next three years represent crossings accounting for 82% of visitors," Gentes-Hawn said. 

Filek said it would cost an extra $10 million to train all Canada's customs officers. Presently they can only bust people for Customs Act offences like smuggling and carrying contraband. 

If they suspect a drunk driver has entered Canada they alert police. 

"Visitor traffic is up, we processed 110 million people last year," Filek said. "There is an increase in people crossing with guns, drugs and smuggling and they are getting more violent. And the flow of drunk drivers never stops." 

Canada Customs stats show in the past two years they've encountered 8,500 suspected drink drivers, 200 suspected child abductors and 2,000 wanted felons. 

"The hidden agenda here is they want to de-staff ports and create an open border," Filek said. 

Leckie said PAID would contact other anti-impaired-driving lobby groups to push for 100% of customs officers to be trained in criminal arrest and detention. 

"Drunk driving is the number 1 cause of criminal death in Canada and they say there's not enough money. It's ridiculous," Leckie said. 

Filek said customs officers would start reporting to the media every time a drunk driver passed into Canada.

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New Florida Law allows Jail for Drunk Drivers


With a photo of her slain husband pinned on her shirt, Lisa B. Smith and her 5-year-old twins watched as Gov. Jeb Bush on Tuesday signed a bill designed to keep drunk drivers off the streets. 

Named after Florida Highway Patrol Trooper Robert Smith, who was killed by a drunk driver three years ago, the bill will allow a judge to detain a driver charged with DUI/manslaughter until trial. Currently, those defendants can be released on bond. 

The new law goes into effect Oct. 1. 

``I know that we felt a lot better knowing that Robbie's killer was behind bars to stay there until trial,'' Lisa Smith said. ``This is closure now.'' 

Last year, Bush vetoed the same bill when legislators tacked on amendments extending the bill to other charges unrelated to DUI. 

``There are pretrial detention programs that are quite effective throughout the state. Dade County probably needs to improve theirs,'' said Bush. ``The last bill would have burdened the successful programs.'' 

The governor was in Miami-Dade County Tuesday to sign two bills: the DUI law and a tax exemption bill that provides a $20 million tax relief to nonprofits across the state. 

The DUI bill, sponsored by state Sen. Mario Diaz-Balart, R-Miami and Rep. Gaston Cantens, R-Miami also can be applied to habitual offenders, Bush said. 

``We have a real problem in some counties of making sure that when violent crimes are committed by habitual offenders that sometimes they're out on release to do it again before their trial starts,'' Bush said. 

Smith 34, died July 26, 1997, when a drunk driver slammed his white Mustang into the back of the trooper's car near the Northwest 95th Street exit on Interstate 95. The cruiser burst into flames, killing Smith, a four-year veteran who had been part of the federally funded South Florida DUI Task Force. 

The driver, Julio C. Gonzalez, 22 at the time, is serving a 15-year sentence. Merysabel Montero, president of the Miami-Dade chapter of Mothers Against Drunk Driving, said the law might have saved Giovanny and Yanik Amador, 13 and 11, who died last week when a drunk driver with at least one previous DUI conviction and a suspended license rammed into their car. Eduardo Louis Galiana, 31, faces two counts of DUI/manslaughter among his charges. 

``He would have been in prison and that's it,'' Montero said. Earlier in the day, Bush attended the Governor's Forum ``Engaging in a Civil Society'' in Miami. The statewide forum, attended by about 200 people, examined the relationships of the state's nonprofit organizations with government agencies and the for-profit business community. Participants came up with four recommendations: 

  • Encourage the governor to convene a task force to look at performance-evaluation criteria for nonprofits that contract with the state government; 
  • Ask the governor to declare that all nonprofits have the right to advocate in the state; 
  • Get state agencies to publish information collected on nonprofits and philanthropies, including their economic impact; and 
  • Work more closely with the media to highlight the role of nonprofits in the state. 

Serving as co-chairs of the event: Alan Levan, chairman and CEO of BankAtlantic, and Robin Reiter, vice president of human resources for The Miami Herald.

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MADD milestone bittersweet: 20th anniversary marks progress rooted in grief

By Cynthia Hubert and Steve Wiegand 
(Published June 6, 2000) 

It all began 20 years ago in a Sacramento steakhouse, where a small group of grieving and enraged mothers gathered to declare war against drunken driving. Fed up with lax laws and a system that seemed to care more for killers than for victims, the moms decided to take their tearful testimonials to the public. 

Over and over, to anyone who would listen, they talked about lost or maimed loved ones, their inconsolable pain at the hands of people who chose to drink and drive. They said it must stop, and their words resonated with the public, police and policy-makers. 

Two decades after the founding of Mothers Against Drunk Driving, the organization's impact cannot be overstated, authorities say. 

MADD is widely regarded as one of the most successful grass-roots movements in history. It has been the force behind laws reducing the legal blood-alcohol limit in many states, established social programs for victims and successfully lobbied for tougher penalties against those convicted of driving while drunk. 

But perhaps most importantly, MADD is largely responsible for a change in the public's perception about the gravity of drunken driving. It put the faces of dead children, fathers and mothers on billboards and TV screens and fliers, arranged for convicted drunken drivers to meet victims face to face, and introduced the phrase "designated driver" to the public. 

"Thanks to MADD, drunk driving is no longer viewed as mere anti-social behavior, but as a crime with serious consequences," said Attorney General Bill Lockyer, who was among those honored Monday at the group's 20th anniversary dinner. 

MADD's work undoubtedly has saved lives, said Lockyer and others. Since the organization's founding, drunken-driving fatalities have dropped by a breathtaking 43 percent in the United States. Since 1988, when California lawmakers toughened drunken-driving laws at MADD's urging, fatalities related to alcohol have dropped 57 percent in the state. 

"I truly think we are the reason those numbers have gone down," said Vicki Cloud, executive director of California MADD. "We have worked in partnership with law enforcement, traffic safety, victims' rights groups. MADD has convinced others that this is a horrible crime." 

That was hardly the case back in 1971, when an inebriated man smashed into the back of Millie Webb's car. The crash caused a fiery explosion; injuries killed Webb's preschool-age daughter and baby nephew, left her and her husband with massive burns and permanently injured the baby she was carrying in her womb. Authorities called it a tragic accident, and the perpetrator, who had been driving with a blood-alcohol level that today would be illegal, got two years' probation. Nine years later, Sacramentan Candace Lightner, who lost her daughter Cari to a drunken driver, launched MADD. A year later, Webb helped found Tennessee's first MADD chapter and now is national president of the organization. 

"America now realizes," said Webb, in Sacramento for the anniversary celebration, "that this problem is everyone's problem." 

By fall 1982, more than 70 MADD chapters had been formed, launched mainly by victims devastated by the deaths and injuries of family members. By its 10th anniversary, it had 407 chapters. This year, it has more than 600 in all 50 states and Guam, Canada and Puerto Rico. 

MADD takes credit for helping pass 2,300 laws that have made it harder to drink and drive, toughened penalties against those who get caught and offered assistance to victims of drunken-driving tragedies. The organization has pushed for administrative license revocation, open-container laws, a victims bill of rights, victim compensation and other measures. California is considered the nation's leader in many of those efforts. 

"MADD has changed the course of legislative history and changed the public's attitude toward drunk drivers," said Assemblyman Bill Leonard, a Republican from San Bernardino who was chief author of the bill that lowered the legal blood-alcohol level in the state from .10 percent to .08 percent. 

Earlier efforts to lower the limit had all failed in their first committee, Leonard recalled. The difference when he pushed the bill, he said, was the presence of MADD, which changed the attitudes of legislators by lobbying with victims and the grieving survivors of drunken-driving victims. 

"We had not had the presence in the building of victims and their families," Leonard said. "We had had prosecutors, we had other specialists, but not victims. And that made a difference. It's hard to be cavalier with someone who has lost a family member." 

Just try ignoring Linda Oxenreider, with her kind face and her tragic story. "Nothing in this world is more devastating than that call from the emergency room, telling you that your child is dead," she said. 

Her son Joshua died after a woman, drunk and out of control at 70 mph, plowed into him and two others as they were walking along a highway in Ventura County in search of help to fix a flat tire. Joshua was 19 years old. 

MADD helped her get through her tragedy. That was in 1989. Today, Oxenreider is incoming state chairwoman for California MADD. 

"I feel Joshua's death is not in vain if I can do something to save another mother from burying a child," she said. 

Even though MADD has made remarkable progress, much remains to be done, say Oxenreider and others. The organization has a renewed commitment to target underage drinkers, who represented more than 13 percent of those involved in alcohol-related fatal crashes last year. MADD is also lobbying for more effective laws related to multiple offenders, and for a national legal blood-alcohol limit of .08 percent. 

"MADD has had an incredible impact," said Kelly Baraga, spokeswoman for the California Highway Patrol. "MADD broke barriers none of us were able to break down. They've been a forefront in education. They have offered an avenue to victims. But they won't be happy until we have a perfect world, where no one drinks and drives." 

MADD: 20 years of history 

1980: Mothers Against Drunk Drivers was established in Sacramento. 

1983: NBC producted a made-for-television movie about MADD and its founder resultinh in the growth of more chapters and significant media attention. 

1984: MADD changed its name to Mother's Against Drunk Driving. Federal 21 minimum drinking age bill was enacted. 

1986: Project Red Ribbon was introduced and motorists pledge to drive safe and sober during the winter holidays. 

Victim Assistance Institutes established to train volunteers on victim support and criminal justice advocacy. 

1987: National 1-800 hotline was created to provide victim support. 

1988: Federal Victims of Crime act amendment gave DWI victims the same compensation rights offered to other crime victims. The Drunk Driving Prevention act increases incentives for key state DWI laws. The Alcohol Beverage Labeling act required warnings on alcohol containers. 

All 50 states passed age 21 as the minimum legal drinking age. 

1989: MADD formed Victim Impact Panels program. 

1991: The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) passed by congress, encouraging states to adopt key anti-DUI legislation. MADD Gallup survey showed Americans cite drunk driving as the No. 1 problem on the nation's highways. 

1992: MADD testified on Capitol Hill to require extending alcohol beverage container health and safety warnings to all alcohol advertisements. 

1993: Five states passed laws to lower the legal blood alcohol limit from .10 to .08. 

1995: Federal Zero Tolerance Law passed by the U.S. Congress. National Partners in Progress goal announced to reduce alcohol-related traffic fatalities to 11,000 or fewer by the year 2005. 

1996: MADD piloted first six Youth In Action sites and new focus on underage drinking and imparied driving. 

1997: The first MADD National Youth Summit to Prevent Underage Drinking held in Washington, D.C. 

DRIVEN magazine was launched. 

20x2000 goal was reached three years early when the percentage of alcohol-related traffic crashes fell to below 40 percent. 

1998: Zero Tolerance legislation was passed in all 50 states. MADD commemorated the 10th anniversary of the Kentucky Bus Crash, the deadliest drunk driving crash in U.S. history killing 27 and injuring 30 others. 

1999: MADD updated its mission statement to include the prevention of underage drinking. 

A MADD presence in all 50 states, Guam and Puerto Rico was established. 

2000: MADD kicked-off its 20th anniversary year with the Making a Difference Daily campaign. 

Source: MADD

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Wisconsin Teachers Picked Up for Attending Party

CLINTON, Wis. (AP) -- Two Clinton High School teachers were taken into custody for allegedly attending a party at which underage drinkers apparently were present. 

Rock County sheriff' s deputies said the two women, arrested Friday, went to a rural cookout May 5 that was staged by former students from the school. 

One woman told investigators she was given a beer and gave a beer to the other woman, although they brought no alcohol to the party. 

They acknowledged they knew some of the people at the cookout were underage, and they left shortly after seeing what was going on. 

School Superintendent Rebecca Nodorft alerted the sheriff' s department after a student told administrators about the teachers' presence at the party. 

The district attorney' s office did not immediately return messages left by The Associated Press seeking information on possible charges in the incident. 

The sheriff' s office said the two were arrested for allegedly violating a state law that says " no adult may intentionally encourage or contribute to" an underage drinking violation.

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U. of Md. Probes Teams on Alcohol

COLLEGE PARK, Md. (AP) - The University of Maryland athletic department is reviewing allegations of underage drinking and hazing by members of several school teams. 

The school also is investigating allegations that members of the six-time defending national champion women's lacrosse team and the field hockey team took high school prospects to a College Park bar during a recruiting visit, Maryland senior associate athletic director Rob Mullens told The Washington Post. 

Those two teams, as well as the gymnastics, golf, women's volleyball, women's soccer and women's basketball teams, swimming and diving team, and the track and field team, are involved in the allegations of underage drinking, The Post reported. 

The women's lacrosse, women's volleyball and women's soccer teams and the track and field teams are involved in the hazing allegations. 

The investigation comes about three months after 15 members of the baseball team were suspended three games each for underage drinking. 

The allegations were made in an anonymous e-mail sent to several university employees, including university president C.D. ``Dan'' Mote and athletic director Debbie Yow. The sender claimed to be a friend of one of the suspended baseball players. 

``We would review any allegations that are forwarded to us,'' Dave Haglund, associate athletic director, said Friday. ``The anonymous allegations will be considered seriously and reviewed appropriately.'' 

``There could be disciplinary measures taken, depending on the outcome of the review.'' 

Haglund would not elaborate on the hazing allegations. 

If the review finds a potential violation of the university's student code of conduct, that information will be turned over to the university's office of judicial programs.

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